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What are the differences between questions 1 & 2? If you were asked khổng lồ choose only one over the other lớn use in an application khung which one would you use?In case you say it depends on the situation then could you give me an example?

1- How many years have you studied English?

(A question taken from an application form to the English Language Institute at University of Florida)http://www.vivecampus.com/uflorida/documentos/ApplicationForm.pdf

2- How many years have you been studying English?

(A question taken from an instructions sheet for the IELTS applications size on the British Council"s website)http://www.britishcouncil.org/completingieltsapplicationform-2.pdf‎

present-perfect present-continuous nội dung Improve this question Follow asked Dec 12 "13 at 22:09
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Active Oldest Votes9“How many years have you been studying English” assumes that you are studying English now, and have been studying English continuously for years.Bạn sẽ xem: How long have you been studying english?

“How many years have you studied English” assumes that at some time you studied English for years. It leaves open the possibility that you studied English some time ago và are not studying English now.

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The difference probably reflects the different sorts of student these two entities deal with. I imagine that most people taking the IELTS are current students or workers seeking validation of their proficiency, while the Institute offers training which in some cases is tailored to lớn special groups—Brazilian immigration lawyers, for instance—who may need just "brush-up" instruction in a particular area.

For you, these probably amount khổng lồ the same thing, since you are studying English right now—this question qualifies as study!

share Improve this answer Follow edited Dec 13 "13 at 0:10 answered Dec 12 "13 at 23:10
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StoneyB on hiatusStoneyB on hiatus 178k1212 gold badges254254 silver badges446446 bronze badges 1 địa chỉ a phản hồi | 1Let"s not take the present out of the present perfect!

The question "How long...?" assumes that the applicant is still studying English, no matter whether the application asks the question using the present perfect (Sentence 1) or the present perfect progressive (Sentence 2).

The present perfect often refers to lớn a action or condition that started in the past and continues to lớn the present. As such, it does not leave xuất hiện the possibility that the situation is no longer true at the present time. This is especially true with the interrogative "How long...?"

(1) How long have you been here?

I have been here five minutes.

(2) How long have you & Sam been friends?

--I have been friends with Sam for six years.

(3) How long have you lived in New York?

--I have lived in thành phố new york too long.

This construction does not leave xuất hiện the possibility that the situation is no longer the case in the present. The same is true for

(4) How long have you studied English?

--I have studied English for six years.

Consider some alternative but illogical (and thus ungrammatical) possibilities:

(5a) How long have you studied English?

This is as illogical và ungrammatical as

(5b) How long have you been here?

--I have been here five minutes, but I am not here now.

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(5c) How long have you lived in New York?

*--I have lived in thủ đô new york nine years, but I no longer live in New York.

(5d) How long have you eaten peanut butter?

*--I have eaten peanut butter for six years, but I have stopped eating it.

For (5abcd), the person answering the question can use the simple past or the past perfect if the situation is no longer true.

There are other contexts in which the present perfect can only refer to situations that began in the past và are still true at the time of the statement (I have lived in Chicago since 2010).

In addition, the present perfect progressive can refer lớn actions that are no longer true at the time of the utterance (e.g., Where have you been? --I have been running) or (it has just been raining).

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Therefore, I prefer Question 1. To lớn me, the past perfect has more a sense of immediacy than does the past perfect progressive. I suppose its lack of the verb "been" + the -ing khung has something to do with this. Plus it is shorter and easier to say.